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# 经济代写|Open economy macrodynamic 宏观经济学代写

## 经济代写

Thus far, we have not used the prefix of ‘domestic’ to aggregate output levels, but with the incorporation of the $R o W$ as a sector, it has to be used to distinguish the aggregate output of, say, India from that of the RoW. In this section, we shall provide answers to the following questions: How do exports and imports affect domestic aggregate output levels? How do countries finance 3.5) affect domestic aggregate output levels?
Once again, recall Figure $2.2$, which presented the structure of commodity flows and money flows in the macroeconomy, where the RoW was omitted 78
OUTPUT AND EMPLOYMENT LEVELS
for visual ease. Can you redraw the diagram with the RoW as an additional sector based on the following information? The household sector provides labour to the RoW sector (migrant labour) in return for income (remittances, if they are transferred to their relatives in India). From Chapter 3 , you know that the funds of the foreign institutional investors (FIIs) connect India’s financial sector with that of the RoW and that foreign direct investment (FDI) is one important flow between India’s non-financial sector and the although they go by different names (such as tariff, custom duty, antidumping duty, quota, relaxing of FDI norms and long-term capital gains tax, which are imposed to regulate the inflow of goods, finance and investment). Note that from India’s standpoint, the RoW is a single homogenous sector, but do not forget that it comprises the household, government, financial and non-financial sectors.
Although we have briefly discussed the determinants of consumption and investment early on in this chapter, we have not yet discussed the rationale for imports and exports. If India is self-sufficient in terms of its domestic production of consumption goods (say, fruits, chocolates, mobile phones) and investment goods (say, chemicals, fuel, machinery), the need for imports would arise only if foreign goods are cheaper than Indian goods. However, India does not produce all that is necessary for domestic needs – both consumption and investment-and, therefore, imports are essential. Table $4.2$ gives you the list of India’s top five imports.
79
MACROECONOMICS
Except for pearls and precious metals, all the oth
Except for pearls and precious metals, all the other commodities can be easily classified as investment goods. However, a part of mineral fuels or oil imports capital goods arises from the inter-industry structure of the Indian economy. The empirical question to address, in this context, is the following: how many units of imported goods are required to produce one unit of (domestic) output in the manufacturing sector? We also import intermediate capital goods to produce exports. Find out how much of our imported pearls and precious export purposes.

Thus far, we have not used the prefix of ‘domestic’ to aggregate output levels, but with the incorporation of the $R o W$ as a sector, it has to be used to distinguish the aggregate output of, say, India from that of the RoW. In this section, we shall provide answers to the following questions: How do exports and imports affect domestic aggregate output levels? How do countries finance 3.5) affect domestic aggregate output levels?
Once again, recall Figure $2.2$, which presented the structure of commodity flows and money flows in the macroeconomy, where the RoW was omitted 78
OUTPUT AND EMPLOYMENT LEVELS
for visual ease. Can you redraw the diagram with the RoW as an additional sector based on the following information? The household sector provides labour to the RoW sector (migrant labour) in return for income (remittances, if they are transferred to their relatives in India). From Chapter 3 , you know that the funds of the foreign institutional investors (FIIs) connect India’s financial sector with that of the RoW and that foreign direct investment (FDI) is one important flow between India’s non-financial sector and the although they go by different names (such as tariff, custom duty, antidumping duty, quota, relaxing of FDI norms and long-term capital gains tax, which are imposed to regulate the inflow of goods, finance and investment). Note that from India’s standpoint, the RoW is a single homogenous sector, but do not forget that it comprises the household, government, financial and non-financial sectors.
Although we have briefly discussed the determinants of consumption and investment early on in this chapter, we have not yet discussed the rationale for imports and exports. If India is self-sufficient in terms of its domestic production of consumption goods (say, fruits, chocolates, mobile phones) and investment goods (say, chemicals, fuel, machinery), the need for imports would arise only if foreign goods are cheaper than Indian goods. However, India does not produce all that is necessary for domestic needs – both consumption and investment-and, therefore, imports are essential. Table $4.2$ gives you the list of India’s top five imports.
79
MACROECONOMICS
Except for pearls and precious metals, all the oth
Except for pearls and precious metals, all the other commodities can be easily classified as investment goods. However, a part of mineral fuels or oil imports capital goods arises from the inter-industry structure of the Indian economy. The empirical question to address, in this context, is the following: how many units of imported goods are required to produce one unit of (domestic) output in the manufacturing sector? We also import intermediate capital goods to produce exports. Find out how much of our imported pearls and precious export purposes.

79

## 经济代考

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## 编码理论代写

1. 数据压缩（或信源编码
2. 前向错误更正（或信道编码
3. 加密编码
4. 线路码

## 复分析代考

(1) 提到复变函数 ，首先需要了解复数的基本性左和四则运算规则。怎么样计算复数的平方根， 极坐标与 $x y$ 坐标的转换，复数的模之类的。这些在高中的时候囸本上都会学过。
(2) 复变函数自然是在复平面上来研究问题，此时数学分析里面的求导数之尖的运算就会很自然的 引入到复平面里面，从而引出解析函数的定义。那/研究解析函数的性贡就是关楗所在。最关键的 地方就是所谓的Cauchy一Riemann公式，这个是判断一个函数是否是解析函数的关键所在。
(3) 明白解析函数的定义以及性质之后，就会把数学分析里面的曲线积分 $a$ 的概念引入复分析中， 定义几乎是一致的。在引入了闭曲线和曲线积分之后，就会有出现复分析中的重要的定理: Cauchy 积分公式。 这个是易分析的第一个重要定理。