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# 信号处理代写signal processing代考|Real world signals: Respiratory sinus arrhythmia from RR-Intervals

##### 代写数字信号处理signal processing

In comparison, the output viewpoint examines how a single point in the output signal is determined by the various values from the input signal. Just as with discrete signals, each instantaneous value in the output signal is affected by a section of the input signal, weighted by the impulse response flipped left-for-right. In the discrete case, the signals are multiplied and summed. In the continuous case, the signals are multiplied and integrated. In equation form:

$$y(t)=\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} x(\tau) h(t-\tau) d \tau$$

The convolution integral. This equation defines the meaning of: $y(t)=x(t) * h(t)$.

This equation is called the convolution integral, and is the twin of the convolution sum ) used with discrete signals.shows how this equation can be understood. The goal is to find an expression for calculating the value of the output signal at an arbitrary time, $t$. The first step is to change the independent variable used to move through the input signal and the impulse response. That is, we replace $t$ with $\tau$ (a lower case Greek tau). This makes $x(t)$ and $h(t)$ become $x(\tau)$ and $h(\tau)$, respectively. This change of variable names is needed because $t$ is already being used to represent the point in the output signal being calculated. The next step is to flip the impulse response left-for-right, turning it into $h(-\tau)$. Shifting the flipped impulse response to the location $t$, results in the expression becoming $h(t-\tau)$. The input signal is then weighted by the flipped and shifted impulse response by multiplying the two, i.e., $x(\tau) h(t-\tau)$. The value of the output signal is then found by integrating this weighted input signal from negative to positive infinity.

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• 微分方程 Differential equations
• 递归关系 Recurrence relations
• 变换理论 Time-frequency analysis – for dealing with non-stationary signals [14]
• 时频分析 Transformation theory Time-frequency analysis – for dealing with non-stationary signals
• 频谱估计 Spectral estimation – for determining the spectral content
• 统计信号处理 Statistical signal processing – for analyzing and extracting information based on the stochastic properties of signals and noise
• 线性时不变系统理论和变换理论 Linear time-invariant systems theory and transformation theory
• 多项式信号处理 Polynomial signal processing – analysis of systems related to inputs and outputs using polynomials

## 信号处理代写signal processing代考|Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA)

Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) refers to the modulation of cardiac function by respiratory effort. This can be readily observed by the speeding up of heart rate during inspiration (“breathing in”) and the slowing down of heart rate during expiration (“breathing out”). The strength of RSA in an individual can be used to assess cardiovascular health. Breathing at regular rates will highlight the presence of RSA in the cardiac (ECG) data.

## 信号处理代写SIGNAL PROCESSING代考|Plot the PSD of the RRI data obtained

a) Apply the standard periodogram as well as the averaged periodogram with different window lengths (e.g. $50 \mathrm{~s}, 150$ s) to obtain the power spectral density of the RRI data. Plot the PSD of the RRI data obtained from the three trials separately.
b) What is the difference between the PSD estimates of the RRI data from the three trials? Can you identify the peaks in the spectrum corresponding to frequencies of respiration (and their harmonics) for the three experiments?

## 信号处理代写SIGNAL PROCESSING代考|PLOT THE PSD OF THE RRI DATA OBTAINED

a) 应用标准周期图以及具有不同窗口长度的平均周期图和.G.$50 s,150$s获得RRI数据的功率谱密度。分别绘制从三个试验中获得的 RRI 数据的 PSD。
b) 三个试验的 RRI 数据的 PSD 估计值有何不同？你能识别出与呼吸频率相对应的光谱中的峰值吗一种nd吨H和一世rH一种r米○n一世Cs三个实验？

## Matlab代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中，其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括：数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发，包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统，其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题，尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题，而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问，这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展，得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中，它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域，MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要，工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数（M 文件）的综合集合，可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。